Scientific Program

Day 1 :


Over the last 10 year Professor van den Bree has developed a unique longitudinal research programme of individuals with rare genomic disorders caused by pathogenic Copy Number Variants (CNVs) that are associated with high risk of neurodevelopmental and psychiatric disorder. Detailed and wide-ranging phenotypic assessments are conducted on individuals with these neurodevelopmental risk CNVs (ND-CNVs) and their family members. Professor van den Bree’s research is elucidating the still poorly understood complex phenotypic presentation of these patients. Her research papers have documented the rate and nature of the neurodevelopmental, psychiatric, neurological, neurocognitive and sleep problems these patients can face. Her longitudinal studies of patients with 22q11.2 deletion syndrome (22q11.2DS), which is associated with high risk of schizophrenia, have contributed to understanding of the childhood predictors of the development of subthreshold psychotic phenomena in adolescence.



Statement of the problem: Several genomic disorders caused by micro-deletion or -duplication of chromosomal material (copy number variants (CNVs)) have been associated with high risk of neurodevelopmental and psychiatric disorder (referred to as ND-CNVs). However, it remains unclear to what extent the different genotypes lead distinct and specific patterns of cognitive and behavioural outcomes.

Methodology: Families of 258 children, aged 6–19 years, with at least one of 13 ND-CNVs across 9 loci (1q21.1 [proximal duplication, and distal deletion and duplication], 2p16.3 deletion, 9q34.3 deletion, 15q11.2 deletion, 15q13.3 deletion and duplication, 16p11.2 [proximal deletion and duplication, and distal deletion], and 22q11.2 deletion and duplication) were recruited via the UK National Health Service (NHS) medical genetic clinic network and patient support groups as part of the IMAGINE-ID study. A control sample of 106 siblings of these index children, who did not have these ND-CNVs also took part. All children were assessed for psychiatric disorders and broader traits of neurodevelopmental, cognitive, and psychopathological origin.

Findings: ND-CNV carriers were impaired across all neurodevelopmental, cognitive, and psychopathological traits compared with controls. 186 (80%) met criteria for one or more psychiatric disorder (OR=13·8, p<.000, compared with controls). Risk of attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (OR=6·9, p<.000), oppositional defiant disorder (OR=3·6, p=.012), any anxiety disorder (OR=2·9, p=.0146), and autism spectrum disorder traits (OR=44·1, p<.000) was particularly high compared with controls. Only moderate quantitative and qualitative differences in phenotypic profile were found between genotypes. Specific genotype accounted for a low proportion of variance in cognitive and behavioural outcomes (~5–20% depending on the trait).

Conclusion and significance: These ND-CNVs have a similar range of adverse effects on childhood neurodevelopment, despite subtle quantitative and qualitative differences. Genomic risk for neuropsychiatric disorder impacts on multiple processes and neural circuits, indicating that future research should avoid a narrow focus on single phenotypes.



Somchai Teaukul, Ph.D. (neurosciences),MSc. (clinical psychology) have been working as a Faculty of Psychology, Division of Clinical Psychology at Saint Louis College. He is an advisory staff of clinical psychology undergraduate program.




The purpose of this correlational research was to find the predictive ability of quality of life in school, automatic negative thought, and anger management on depression of adolescence in the upper-secondary school students in Bangkok area under the management of the Office of the Basic Education Commission: (OBEC) in the Bangkok area 1 in the academic year of 2017. Four hundred subjects were obtained by stratified random sampling method. Data collection was done using 1) personal information, 2) the quality of life in school inquiry, 3) the Children’s Automatic Thoughts Scale, 4) the anger management inquiry, and 5) Health-Related Self Report: HRSR -The Diagnostic Screening Test for Depression in Thai Population. Data was analyzed in terms of percentage, mean, standard deviation, Pearson correlation coefficient and multiple regression-forward.

It was found that there were two independent variables which co-predicted the changes of depression score by 32.3 percent at p< .05 level. The most powerful predictor was the automatic negative thoughts and the second one was the anger management-‘anger control out’.  The quality of life in school and the anger management-‘anger control in’ were rejected from the equation.   

  • Mental Health


Objective: To establish the occurrence of the caregiver syndrome in caregivers of people with mental illness linked to the Day Hospital program of a third level institution in the city of Cali. Materials and methods: A cross-sectional, observational, descriptive study was carried out to evaluate the occurrence of the burden syndrome in 70 caregivers of people with mental illness, through interviews and the formal application of the Zarit scale and the WHO-DAS questionnaire 2.0. Results: It was established that 68.6% of the participating population presented some level of burden, the profile of the caregiver corresponds to women, over 55 years old, mother, belonging to the subsidized health system, with low income, and which on average has been exercising the role of caregiver for at least 12 hours a day for 8 years. The longtime of dedication to the activities of the role and the level of demand resulting from the degree of disability of the person being cared for appear as associated factors in the developing of higher levels of burden for the caregiver. A factor to consider in the implementation of intervention and research processes is linking the caregiver as a key agent in the improvement of the quality of life of people with mental illness.




Fish is good for both mental and physical health. Fish contains  high quality protein, good lipids consisting of essential fatty acids, important minerals, vitamins etc. The grey matter of the brain consists of about 60 % lipids consisting of essential fatty acids DHA, ARA, EPA etc. DHA is the building blocks  of  brain tissues. Essential fatty acids  are  important in prevention and amelioration of   many civilization  and age related  diseases such as heart diseases, dementia, mental decline etc. Fish protein as complete protein contains functional amino acids that are rich  in brain, hearts , and eyes that are associated with their functions. Fish also  contains  important minerals, vitamins that are  also  good for brain. Factors of mental health  are  many but how to use the  faculty is very important. The important functional components of   fish  are essential   and help in  overall  wellbeing and quality of human life boosting performance ability. So the objective of the paper is to discuss the important roles of functional components of fish leading  to  overall well being, better mental health and mood.



Shikha Goel has done MD in Psychiatry from Government Medical College, Chandigarh, India. During her tenure as a resident she took up the research work on assessing the relationship of insight with neurocognition and social cognition in patients with Schizophrenia. Dearth of Indian literature on the topic sparked her interest in the topic. Lack of insight has been an important factor determining the adherence to treatment and prognosis of Schizophrenia; hence the determinants of insight are very pertinent in management of Schizophrenia. The research work was completed over a period of 3 years and has produced interesting results and merit further investigations into the subject                                                                                                          



Unawareness of mental illness has been commonly observed in schizophrenia and has been recognized as a potential barrier to treatment adherence and a risk factor for a range of poorer outcomes. There are some of the potential causes behind poor insight, including deficits in neuro cognition, social cognition, meta-cognition and heightened self-stigma.

Study was conducted to look at the relationship of neuro cognition, social cognition with insight in schizophrenia, as there is paucity of research in Indian literature. 

  • Children Psychology

Session Introduction

Viktor Vus

Institute for Social and Political Psychology

Title: Mental Health and Current Social Conditions: How Modern Society Looks After Own Mental Health


Introduction. Modern humanity is suffering from numerous problems that violate world stability, and hinder sustainable development of countries, causing an increase in tension in the system of social interaction. The problem of Mental Health Care in the contemporary world becomes global in a large scale. Each country in the world faces significant hindrances in both socio-psychological and economic aspects of the Mental Health Care system. No country has completely solved this problem yet.

At the same time the WHO notes that in the future, given aging population and worsening social problems, the number of people with mental and behavioural disorders will increase considerably (WHO, 2018). That’s why the Mental Health Care issue appears to be an important factor of social development, productive work and social stability in any country all over the world (Flaherty, 2018).

Methodology. The study was designed using the following aspects: (a) the young generation of transitional countries was chosen as the population source for the study in order to more effectively predict future tendencies of the development of both civil society and the mental health of the population in these countries (as they relate to the development of global society); (b) Ukraine was chosen as the base transitional country for study since Ukrainian society is currently facing severe social challenges in civil society development (socio-economic crisis, social transformations, social consequences of military conflict, increase in migratory activity, etc.).

The psycho-diagnostic markers were defined using data from the Mental Health Foundation ( (Mental Health Foundation, 2017). The questionnaire was structured in such a way as to represent different aspects of caring for one’s own mental health (interpersonal communication; physical activity; eating and drinking; listening to one’s own body; social representation; mental and physical relaxation; self-perception; interpersonal relationships). For the appropriate questions respondents were asked to identify the average time spent on the specific activity (in minutes per week) and to divide their answers between 2 aspects of these activities (whether enjoyable or mechanical/routine).

  1. The culture of interpersonal communication (talking about own feelings (reflection of life events; solving of life challenges; functional abilities; aims and priorities; social relationships etc))
  2.  The culture of physical activity
  3. The culture of eating and drinking
  4. The culture of listening to own body
  5. The culture of social representation (Ask for help; Do something you’re good at etc)
  6. The culture of mental and physical relaxing
  7. The culture of  selfperception
  8. The culture of  interpersonal relationships (care for others; spirituality etc)

As participants of this research students from different regions of Ukraine were involved (583 persons)

Results. 78% of the individuals under study weren’t able to verbalize and concretize their own understanding of definition “Mental Health”. And only 6% of the individuals under study have defined MH as “emotional health”, “social wellbeing”, “social, personal and psychic harmony”.

The average time that modern Ukrainians spend for talking about own feelings  is 172 minutes per week. However, 77% of the individuals under study are disappointed with emotional feedback of their partners in interpersonal communication.

Only 8% and 5% of general time for doing walking and household chores are enjoyable for persons under study. But 88, 90, 75, and 93% of general time for doing morning exercises, fitness, jogging, competitive activities are enjoyable for persons under study.

 68% of individuals haven’t got any special system of their exercises, fitness or jogging

 The eating as an enjoyable activity takes only 34% of general time. 83% of individuals haven’t got any special system of eating (content of meal, times per day. They often combine eating and other activities).

 In average, relaxing takes only 159 minutes per week. At the same time, 93% of individuals haven’t got any regular system of relaxing activities (Yoga, Stretching exercises, Meditation, Breathing exercises)

According to the received results, 87% of individuals aren’t satisfied with the feedback for their taking care activities.

Practical/Social value: The results of this investigation assist to identify avenues to reduce the impact of social frustrators, improve the mental health of citizens of transitional countries, and establish the social stability of their interaction.

  • Autism


Objective: Children with autism spectrum disorder suffer from problems such as qualitative impairment in the social interactions and stereotypical behaviors and the purpose of many interventions is the dynamic involvement of the families in the treatment and rehabilitation of these children. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of educational application of family-centered painting techniques on social interactions and stereotypical behaviors of children with autism spectrum disorder. Methods: This applied experimental study was conducted using the pre-test-posttest with follow-up and control group design. In this study, 20children with autism spectrum disorder and their parents were selected by the available sampling method and then, they were randomly divided into experimental and control groups. Then, the Gilliam Autism Rating Scale-I questionnaire was applied at pre-test, posttest and follow-up stages and educational application of family-centered painting techniques was applied just for the experimental group. Then the data were analyzed by the ANCOVA and the repeated measures as statistical methods. Results: An alpha of 0.05 was considered as the significance level and the results showed a significant difference between experimental and control groups in social interactions and stereotypical behaviors of the children. Follow-up tests showed a significant difference and durability, as well. Conclusions: The results showed that educational application of family-centered painting techniques can play an effective and durable role in improvement of social interactions and stereotypical behaviors of the children with autism spectrum disorder.


  • Psychological Resilience


Sudan has endured the longest civil war in Africa since 1983, the largest internally displaced population(UNHCR2013)
 The gap in care for mental health illnesses in Sudan is  large; most of the people affected do not have access to the treatment they need (WHO, 2008). Mental health facilities in conflict-affected Sudan are few and concentrated in urban centres; they are difficult  to access and  lack enough adequately trained professionals. The objectives of this study is to offer an example of a framework and approaches in developing a trauma healing and mental health service in conflict settings introduced by Ahfad University for Women and partners by setting up a dedicated Trauma Centre that provides free mental health service, in addition to training and capacity building. The framework offers a guide that incorporates cultural adaption encompasses Afro- Arab cultures in addition gender and political sensitive approach in introducing psychosocial support and promoting resilience and recovery within a specialised community based trauma services.



Day 2 :